And Now from the Rest of the World . . . – A Smattering of Links of Interest

January 30, 2009

I don’t usually do this, but in the last couple of days I have come across several things which I found interesting and wished to link on my blog.  The first one is a post on Dr. Russel Moore’s blog concerning the recent passing of American writer John Updike.  Dr. Moore is the Dean of the School of Theology at Southern Seminary (nice school they’ve got there) and his post offers many insights into why Updike was important to understanding American thought.  I liked the fact that in this psuedo-eulogy for the writer Moore was unafraid to admit that he has “read all Updike’s novels but the last one,” which, given the content of most of these novels, may surprise some.  To me it is just comforting to know that I’m not alone in thinking that Christians enjoy literature outside of the Left Behind series.  the article can be read here.

The second bit I want to offer is another article that was forwarded to me by a missionary out of Europe.  As you know, I have spoken often about my heart towards restoring the church in the great city of London, and in this article from Time magazine the presence of Christianity there today gets addressed.  The focus is a recent rise in Christian beliefs among the young adult high society in London, particularly as associated with the evangelical Anglican fellowship at Holy Trinity Brompton.  This is definitely encouraging, but as you read, know that when they say “London has quietly become one of Britain’s most Christian areas,” this means that it is weighing in at a whopping 9% population attending church, versus 8% nationally.  Also, note that it is rising in immigrants and the elite, but nothing seems to be happening among the working class Londoner, which is a majority of people.  Still, this is encouraging.  Read here.

Lastly, I would want to link you guys to Paul David Tripp’s sermon from this past Sunday night at Tenth Presbyterian in Philadelphia, PA.  He was covering 1 Kings 1.1-10 about David nearing death and the power grab attempted by his son Adonijah.  This was a strong message and contained at least two wonderful exhortations.  The first was about parents responsibility in raising their children appropriately and the second, which hit me hard as I have also been meditating on it this week in considering 1 Thessalonians 5.12-28, was about the role of man’s responsibility as being the ordained means to completing God’s ends.  Paul Tripp is quickly becoming one of my favorite teachers and would certainly be worth your time to listen to as you devote your time to study and learning.  Link to it here.


Segregated Christianity?- The Pitfalls of Multiculturalism and the Church, Part 1

January 17, 2009

Any student who has spent the smallest bit of time reading on contemporary issues in ecclesiology or missiology will undoubtedly have encountered the term ‘context’ and the debate over its role in the current discussion about Christianity in a postmodern culture. Among the various theories here is one that says what is important is not necessarily the methods of the church but the message of the Christian Scripture and the teaching of it to the congregation. Proponents of this view (of whom I think I would count myself as one) argue ala Mark Driscoll that there are certain closed-handed issues in the church, such as the authority of Scripture, justification by faith, and the full deity of Christ, which we just can’t bend on, and then there are open-handed issues, like frequency of communion, style of worship, and time of service, which are left to the local body to decide where the Spirit is leading them in their ministry (As a note, I just picked up Driscoll’s new release, Vintage Church, and expect to make some posts on it in the coming week or so).

However, these past couple of days I have been reading the report Faith in the Nation: Religion, identity and the public realm in Britain today and came across something that made me reevaluate this idea, or at least how it is applied. The main focus of this book was to present several essays by faith leaders speaking on the present day relationships between and future outlooks of the 6 majority faiths in Britain (Anglicanism, Catholicism, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, and Sikhism). Knowing the source and how “scholarly” looks at faith tend to lean a little heavy on the liberal side I was expectant of the general bias against religious authority and tacit approval of a pluralistic, secular society that I found here. However, what caught me off guard was the near unanimous criticism of multiculturalism that was expressed.

In brief, multiculturalism encourages people of different cultural (ethnic, religious, etc.) backgrounds who live in close proximity to each other to maintain their distinctive cultural identities in lieu of assimilating everyone together into one larger, generic (or majority-dominated) civic identity. The thought about this is that by allowing people to stay who they are naturally instead of asking (or forcing) them to transform into some other identity we will be able to more easily develop the social cohesion necessary to sustain a diverse population under one common authority.

But in Britain, a place where multiculturalism has been the official policy for at least a half a century, here is what religious leaders are saying:

Multiculturalism leads not to integration but to segregation. It deconstructs everything that goes into the making of a national identity: a shared culture, a canon of texts everyone is expected to know, a collective history and memory, a code of conduct and civility, and a sense of loyalty to the nation and its institutions. No society can long survive without these things. [Jonathan Sacks, Chief Rabbi of Britain, p.35 of Faith]

From a purely sociological perspective this is interesting since multiculturalism is one among the many popular post-identity theories that are supposed to be the ruling thought in advanced, liberal societies of the 21st century. Yet beyond that I believe what has been said here raises an important question for Christians attempting to reach the diverse urban populations which are so heavily focused on these days; that being, to what extent, if any, should we be adopting the multicultural mindset in our congregations? To be more precise, what stand should we take on promoting context driven ecclesiology and missiology in place of assimilating our churches into one larger, more generic church culture?

It is these questions which I will pick up and try to answer for myself starting in tomorrows post.


The Church That Lacks Theologians- A Warning from the UK

December 11, 2008

I find it interesting that the day I post a piece on the fact that “theology . . . does not fare well in the church because it is not wanted,” Dr. Mohler makes a post which I think typifies what the end result will and must be of a church that ultimately rejects theology.

As he comments in The Secularization of the Church, “[s]ecularization is the process by which a society becomes more and more distant from its Christian roots,” and whereas this process has traditionally been viewed in a societal framework as defined, it is now possible to observe this secularization also taking place inside the religious institutions, with the Christian church being removed from its Christian roots and being conceived of as a “public utility,” “open for use by people of any religion or none, like a hospital.”

I agree with Dr. Mohler completely, and appreciate his candidness, when he says that, “This is a strange and pathetic vision of the church.” Pathetic. I had to read this twice to be sure it is what he said, and seeing that it is, I do not believe a more appropriate word could be found. It is pathetic when the church has become so removed from its roots, so antagonistic to the presence of theology in its messages and classrooms, that the only argument remaining for its existence is one of secular philanthropy.

The example of hospitals is duly disturbing to me as indicative of how far removed from the Gospel we’ve become. I agree, a church that functions merely as a “public utility” would be quite similar to the inclusive nature of a hospital, most of which are traditionally run or founded by specific Christian organizations. However, this is misleading in the fact that the hospitals themselves did not look like this until the liberalization and erasure of the Gospel through increasing public cries of tolerance. Yes, hospitals have always cared for people of all races and creeds, but in the beginning they also served to try and heal peoples spiritual illnesses as well. To say that we should want our churches to reflect the secular diversity and philanthropy of our hospitals is to neglect the fact that our hospitals only look like this because we lost our way to begin with.

Seeing this statement coming out of the Church of England also exemplifies a point that I made in the post yesterday when I said, “Theology, as [those who are opposed to it] have been taught, is boring, stuffy, and, this is the kicker, it often times leads to arguments.” If there is any church which has seen its fair share of arguments in recent years and decades it is the Anglican communion. So, between the increasing secularization of Great Britain and the overwhelming strain of animosity and distrust within the body, it seems like many people just want to cash in their chips and put away all arguments, moving forward with a vision of the church that is not centered on “divisive” doctrine but instead is focused on performing social charity.

Of course, this armistice is first to be praised by the humanist society which sees no need in telling anyone they’re wrong, but it completely misses the boat on the Christian call to “contend for the faith that was once for all delivered to the saints” (Jude 3). Don’t misunderstand me, I believe we should not seek to be angry with one another or to quarrel over words (2 Timothy 2.14), but to simply fold on the issues of exclusivity and inerrancy, and allow to pass the radical moral ambiguity that is promoted by one side of the Anglican communion in the name “peace” and “love,” appears to me to be nothing more than “exchang[ing] the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man” (Romans 1.23).

I think where we have ultimately gone wrong is by forgetting what Christ says in John 15: “If the world hates you, know that it has hated me before it hated you. If you were of the world, the world would love you as its own; but because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, therefore the world hates you” (vv.18-19). The church, like Demas, getting tired of being hated and persecuted, has fallen in love with this present world, and deserted the “good deposit entrusted to [us]” (2 Timothy 1.14, 4.10).

This is not right, it is not how it’s supposed to be, but if we do not quit taking the high road on theology and forget to give a defense for the hope that is in us (1 Peter 3.15), this “strange and pathetic vision of the church” will become all we have left of the church at all.


One Nation Under Two Gods- Who Gets to be the True Supreme Law of the Land?

September 15, 2008

As was predicted by Archbishop of Canterbury Rowan Williams several months ago, the British legal system has recently made steps to include sharia law as a legitimate legal standard for practicing Muslims in Britain.  What this means is that, if a British Muslim has a dispute come up which ranges from divorce and domestic issues to wills to possibly even real estate transactions, they now have the option of having their case tried under the letter of the Islamic law and the Qu’ran in place of the letter of the British law and constitution.  You can read about this here.

So, big deal, right?  Well, possibly, if you are in favor of the continued oppression of women and minorities and the ever-growing cultural assimilation of England into an Islamic state.  What has been making its way through Europe silently over the past decade or so, advancing in the name of multiculturalism and tolerance, has now become a looming cloud on the horizon of Western civilization where all of our both Judeo-Christian and secular democratic principles are being threatened by a strong willed, highly populated movement of devout Muslim immigrants.

Now, lest I sound too polemical and religiously fanatic, let me break down why I believe this to be a bad thing.  First, in the view of just the law, it seems absurd to allow a population to be split between which courts they should go to.  Of course, at this point there are jurisdiction limits and some argue that what is being done is no more than what British Jews have in place already.  But, when you look at other countries such as Iran or Saudi Arabia, you see countries whose entire legal system is based on sharia law, and so it only seems reasonable that the sharia courts in Britain will strive towards this same goal.  This is unconscionable.  A country the size of Great Britain cannot afford to have its people governed under different legal standards, it just won’t work.

Beyond this, the legal standards of sharia law run opposite to the accepted laws of any democratic nation in so many ways.  Sharia law is characterized (not stereotyped, actually so) by a favoring of men over women and a dehumanization of “criminals.”  If we look at sharia law against the Bill of Rights we would find that it violates at minimum the First, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, and Eighth Amendments, as well as the Fourteenth Amendment.  Sharia law actually allows for domestic abuse in certain cases.  It also calls for the execution of homosexuals.  This is not just an archaic rule that stands without ever being enforced, but is a very well-enforced law in places like Iran (just search the internet, you can find the videos).  All of the tolerance and equality which makes democratic nations so great is thrown to the side when sharia law kicks in.

Moving to a more religious tone, I feel that the inception of sharia law in Western courts is a bad thing because it provides legitimacy and furtherance of a satanic religion.  I say that with as little fundamentalism as possible and with as much biblical support as I can muster.  Islam denies the deity of Christ, his atoning work on the cross, the sufficiency of his sacrifice for our forgiveness, and the power of grace to eventually save us.  There can be no compatibility between Christianity and Islam because to the core we worship two radically different gods.  Therefore, by propping up Islam in the courts we are inevitably propping up Islam in the culture and increasing the aversion to the message of the Gospel and Christ in the general population.

This is a difficult issue to approach because so many people will blindly fall into the trappings of extreme tolerance and open-mindedness and view any opposition as religious fundamentalism and bigotry, but I just want to leave you with one question: if a Muslim murders a Christian because they attempt to share the Gospel with them (as may be prescribed by Qu’ran 22.40), which court would get to try this?


Salvation or Whiskey?- An “Electric” Quote by D. Martyn Lloyd-Jones

May 12, 2008

I’ve recently been doing a lot of reading and listening to a preacher from mid-20th century London named Martyn Lloyd-Jones. Dr. David Martyn Lloyd-Jones was the minister of Westminster Chapel in London, England from 1939 until 1968. His original career was as a medical doctor, but six years into his profession Dr. Lloyd-Jones left it behind to go into the full-time preaching ministry. This appears to have been the right decision, a choice which affected many a future preacher on its own:

When J. I. Packer was a 22-year-old student he heard Lloyd-Jones preach each Sunday evening during the school year of 1948-1949. He said that he had “never heard such preaching.” It came to him “with the force of electric shock, bringing to at least one of his listeners more of a sense of God than any other man” he had known.

Therefore, in hopes that an interest in Dr. Lloyd-Jones may inspire more people, even 27 years after his death, I thought I would include a quote from him that I feel accurately conveys the character of this amazing preacher:

“So the first effect of Christianity is to make people stop and think. They are not simply overawed by some great occasion. They say, ‘No, I must face this. I must think.’…the greatest trouble is that men and women go through life without thinking. Or they think for a moment but find it painful, so they stop and turn to a bottle of whiskey or television or something else—anything to forget.” (D. Martyn Lloyd-Jones, Authentic Christianity)


The Laodicean Project- The Death of Christian Britain

May 9, 2008

I was searching through some blogs today when I came upon this post at AlbertMohler.com. I thought I would post it because it speaks to what we’ve been discussing in The Laodicean Project as it pertains specifically to the spiritual state of Christianity in Britain.

The post, entitled “It Feels as if the Soul of Britain is Dying”, discusses how declining church attendance in Great Britain has led to such drastic lows in Sunday morning communicants that “the number of regular churchgoers will be fewer than those attending mosques within a generation.” Drawing off of a recent article in The Times of London, Mohler uses his blog to awaken a new awareness of the problems which are being faced in a location that most people would not flinch about calling a “Christian nation.” I expect that his radio show this evening will also deal with this topic and I will be sure to add a link to that when and if it does.

I can’t lie. The spiritual anemia being faced by Christianity in Britain weighs heavy on my heart. The Lord has really burdened me for those people and planted in me a desire to see revival brought to a nation which once figured so prominently in the growth of the Church. Beyond this, I think that the issues we see coming up in England bear witness to what we can expect over the next 20-40 years in America.

The lukewarm nature of Christianity in places that used to be bastions of Christian influence is a tragedy that I think we are being too slow to awaken to. It is vitally important, for the sake of the souls of the millions of people which inhabit these countries, to open the eyes of their citizens and call them to repentance and a renewing of their minds and hearts before it is to late and Christ spits us out of his mouth and removes our candle.


The Laodicean Project- God is Dead

May 6, 2008

“I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.” -Revelation 22:13

“Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever.” -Hebrews 13:8

God is dead. God remains dead. And we have killed him. How shall we comfort ourselves, the murderers of all murderers? What was holiest and mightiest of all that the world has yet owned has bled to death under our knives: who will wipe this blood off us? What water is there for us to clean ourselves? What festivals of atonement, what sacred games shall we have to invent? Is not the greatness of this deed too great for us? Must we ourselves not become gods simply to appear worthy of it?” -Friedrich Nietzsche, The Gay Science

When analyzing Christian societies, attempting to see why they have gotten off track, I believe that one important aspect to look at is how they view God. If we are to understand what the problem is then it only seems appropriate to start at the top, and there is certainly nothing higher than God. In looking at this, interacting with the culture of America and reading about the cultures of other nations we are considering, I feel that there are two views of God which have become prevalent, and as a result have led to the lukewarm nature of Christianity in these places. In our Christian societies we are increasingly viewing God in two detrimental ways: either God is subjective and open to our human interpretation as to what his character is or he is dead. In this post I shall look at the God is dead side and in the next post we will deal with the subjective God.

Friedrich Nietzsche declared for the first time in his work The Gay Science that “God is dead. God remains dead. And we have killed him.” His meaning of this was that the human reason had become so well-developed that it was no longer possible for a rational man to have belief in God. He then went on to argue that because of this we could also no longer accept the Christian moralities as being objective, absolute truths for human behavior. Eighty years later, Nietzsche’s brash statement entered into the pop culture of the 1960′s, culminating in it making the cover of the April 8, 1966 issue of Time magazine. Of course, this was highly controversial and has since become a piece of pop culture lore, but the question still remains, “Is God dead?” I believe in America the answer is “No,” but to the people of a once thriving Christian Europe the answer is a resounding “Yes.”

In the wake of the two world wars, conflicts which ravaged much of the European continent, Christianity began to increase among the peoples who had made it through. However, in the early 1960′s a cultural revolution took place. To people who had seen the atrocities of war, the senseless bombing of cities night after night in England, the unthinkable purging of whole people groups attempted by Nazi Germany, and now the rise of terror and oppression under the reign of communism, the staid comforts of religious traditions were no longer enough to comfort them. Though they claimed faith and celebrated the rites of the Christian church, the depth of many peoples belief was betrayed as all of a sudden the culture underwent radical change. Sexual liberation, recreational drug use, and destruction of traditional family values provided them with the worldly happiness which they expected God should bring, and as a result God was killed. Belief was no longer important because armed with the new found joys of drugs, sex and rock’n'roll, men and women were able to provide for themselves all the satisfaction they sought.

This thought continues today. I think this is why, as we explored earlier, there is such a large percentage of the population in these countries which claim Atheism as their religion. The people of Europe struggled for the better part of 50 years with war and death throughout their continent, asking all the while “Where is God?”, and when in the end they had relief they decided that they were no longer going to rely on God to take care of them.

Now, after 40 years of liberalization in Europe, a new threat is arising. Muslim immigrants, fully devoted in faith to Allah, are moving in and taking over a lot of these countries in which God has been pronounced dead, and the people, made apathetic through their lack of faith, are unsure how to react. It is clear that the “absence of God” is now threatening any possibility of God ever being resurrected among these people. Not to mention the fact that those who are either actively or passively declaring God to be dead are dying themselves, and being dying in unbelief are being condemned to Hell.

God is not dead! This is the message that we must proclaim in Europe and in those parts of all the Christian societies where people have decided that they are too intelligent or too self-sufficient to believe that Jesus is alive and seated at the right-hand of the Father in Heaven forever. We must proclaim an eternal God, a God who is there even in the troubles, and that though there is a way that seems right to man, it only results in pain and suffering in Hell (Proverbs 14:12). Jesus is alive, for it is not possible for death to hold him (Acts 2:24), and as he declares in Revelation, he is the beginning AND the end. We must go and preach this to the people (Romans 10:14-15) so that though they once thought he was dead they may be made to believe that Jesus has been raised from the grave (Romans 10:9) and that one day he will return to take away all our tears (Acts 1:11, Revelation 21:4).


The Laodicean Project- Do We Have More Faith than the Demons?

May 5, 2008

“And in the synagogue there was a man who had the spirit of an unclean demon, and he cried out with a loud voice, “Ha! What have you to do with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are— the Holy One of God.”… Now when the sun was setting, all those who had any who were sick with various diseases brought them to him, and he laid his hands on every one of them and healed them. And demons also came out of many, crying, “You are the Son of God!” But he rebuked them and would not allow them to speak, because they knew that he was the Christ.” -Luke 4:33-34,40-41

“You believe that God is one; you do well. Even the demons believe—and shudder!” -James 2:19

One of the great works we see in Jesus’ ministry is his authority to cast out demons. As the witnesses said in Luke 4:36, “What is this word? For with authority and power he commands the unclean spirits, and they come out!” Yet, when we look carefully at the actual accounts of his dealing with the demons we see something very interesting. At various times when Jesus is casting out the demons he also has to silence them (“he…would not allow them to speak”, Luke 4:41). But why? Because they would reveal that he was the Christ! (Mark 3:12, Luke 4:41) We see that the demons know Christ. They believe that he is the Son of God, the Christ. But, this knowledge and belief does them no good. They are still demons because they do not have a saving faith in Christ.

I believe that this can speak volumes to where we stand today in many of the Christian societies. We call ourselves Christian, invoke Christ’s name in our everyday lives, and maybe even have the power to tell other people about him. Yet for some reason people aren’t attending church, they aren’t staying married or waiting until they’re married to begin living with their girlfriend. They aren’t drinking and driving or gossiping any less. Why is this? To me it seems the question comes down to this: People will say and believe that Jesus is the Christ and yet one may wonder, is their faith like the apostles or like the demons?


The Laodicean Project- How Did it Get Like This?

May 2, 2008

“You were running well. Who hindered you from obeying the truth?” -Galatians 5:7

In today’s post I want to call us to reflection on trying to figure out, now that we see there truly is a problem, where exactly this problem came from? As Paul was saying to the Galatians, “When I left you were doing everything correctly but now you’re not. What happened in between to lead you astray?” We must look long and hard to figure out, in the context of each individual society, what it was that took us away from the path we were supposed to run.

In a future post I will list some opinions that writers on the subject have offered as to the cause of this lukewarmness, but I believe that it is important for us to first evaluate the issue ourselves. We once were running so well, but now we’re not. What happened?


The Laodicean Project- Fighting Atheism

May 2, 2008

“For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth. For what can be known about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them. For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse. For although they knew God, they did not honor him as God or give thanks to him, but they became futile in their thinking, and their foolish hearts were darkened. Claiming to be wise, they became fools, and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man and birds and animals and creeping things.” -Romans 1:18-23

“Faith is the great cop-out, the great excuse to evade the need to think and evaluate evidence. Faith is belief in spite of, even perhaps because of, the lack of evidence.” -Richard Dawkins

“The kindly God who lovingly fashioned each and every one of us and sprinkled the sky with shining stars for our delight — that God is, like Santa Claus, a myth of childhood, not anything a sane, undeluded adult could literally believe in. That God must either be turned into a symbol for something less concrete or abandoned altogether.” -Daniel Dennett, Darwin’s Dangerous Idea, p.18

The second major issue which I think we have to address when looking at the cause of lukewarmness in our traditionally Christian societies is the rise in popular “belief” in Atheism. By definition, atheism is the rejection of belief in God or gods, or to state positively, is the belief in the nonexistence of God or gods. Today atheism is commonly associated with the study of science, particularly evolution, however this is neither a necessary or sufficient condition for holding this belief. As we have seen in the number recited in an earlier post, traditionally strong forces for Christianity in Europe such as Britain, France, and Germany, are turning more and more to atheistic beliefs as a world view. Though the numbers are not quite as high in America, I think this is something that we should consider an up-and-coming problem here as well.

One interesting point of atheism is the fact that, even though it seems like such a trite thing, people didn’t specifically begin formulating atheism as a belief system until 16th century France. And even then, the true explosion of atheism onto the scene as a recognizable belief wasn’t until the modern period of the 18th and 19th centuries. Truly, the formulation of atheism was the result, not of man being to blind to see a god in the universe, but instead it resulted from man exalting himself (and more precisely, his intellect) as god. Atheism reached a major watermark when it was advanced by Karl Marx in The Communist Manifesto. Amazingly, all of this coincides well with the words of Paul in Romans 1: “Claiming to be wise, they became fools, and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man and birds and animals and creeping things.” Here we see man, thinking himself wise, exchanging the glory of God for the exaltation of the modern man and his powers of reason and science. Wow!

Now, in the 21st century, atheism is taken in a lot of places as the rule and not the exception. In America we are being confronted with an increasingly atheistic society, with the removal of God being pursued in all areas of public life. In the bookstores, books by prominent atheists such as Richard Dawkins, Daniel C. Dennett, and Sam Harris are sitting upfront and perennially rank among the top nonfiction titles. Atheism has truly moved out of the darkness and scandal of the French salons and has become an acceptable way of thinking throughout Western society.

As Christians seeking to awaken the faith in these Christian countries we must acknowledge the threat posed by atheism. In the consumer driven lifestyle of most Westerners, once an item is able to make its way into the pop-culture then it is able to win over disciples and stake its claim as a legitimate option to buy into. This is what atheism has done. It has pushed in through popular literature and with the sweeping current of educational reform and has established itself as the only intelligent choice. Above we see Dennett saying that atheism is the only thing a “sane” individual could accept, and Dawkins accuses those who claim faith in something as being intellectually dishonest, using a “cop-out” from actually thinking critically. The message is clear: only the mentally inadequate have faith in a god; the truly enlightened know that science has all of the answers and man can access them on his own. As such, Christianity becomes a mentally inferior way of life.

In order to effectively revive faith in our traditionally Christian societies, in order to carry out the Laodicean Project, we must be able to confront atheism, defend Christianity, and demonstrate the existence and character of God. A good resource for this is a series of lectures which R. Albert Mohler recently gave at Dallas Theological Seminary. I have placed the link below and encourage anyone interested in or currently dealing with the challenge of atheism to give it a listen and see just exactly what it is we’re up against.

God exists, and deep down inside, every man has been gifted with the knowledge of this by Him. Because of this we are all “without excuse” when faced with God’s wrath, no matter how much we deny it is true!

R. Albert Mohler- “The New Atheism”